Saturday, June 6, 2020
In Redeployment, Phil Klay reveals the vulgar, brutal aspects of warfare behind the victories and heroism that are often shown in media. Through several short stories, Klay shares the difficult course that soldiers undergo with reconciling with their war experiences when they return home. Soldiers return from war having seen incidents so abominable that it makes many question if it is possible to maintain a sense of morality in war. In Ã¢â¬Å"Psychological OperationsÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Prayer in the Furnace,Ã¢â¬ warfare creates a blind hatred within soldiers, leaving them with lingering aggression and suffering that they cannot overcome. In Ã¢â¬Å"Psychological OperationsÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Prayer in the Furnace,Ã¢â¬ Klay suggests that a successful soldier cultivates blind hatred and devalues human life. Through all of the brutal and inhumane incidents that soldiers experience, they become numb to the value of a human life over time. In Ã¢â¬Å"Psychological Operations,Ã¢â¬ the protagonist, Waguih, tells an offensive and alarming story about the war as if it were ordinary. Ã¢â¬Å"The Marines, theyÃ¢â¬â¢d compete to find the dirtiest insults they could think of. And then weÃ¢â¬â¢d go scream over the loudspeakers, taunting holed-up insurgents until theyÃ¢â¬â¢d come running out of the mosques, all mad and weÃ¢â¬â¢d mow them downÃ¢â¬ (201). This quotation demonstrates the blind yet rigid hatred that the soldiers have pertaining to the lives of others. Not only do the soldiers and marines create Ã¢â¬Å"the dirtiest insults they could think of,Ã¢â¬ but also they make the Ã¢â¬Å"insurgentsÃ¢â¬ so angry that they manipulate them into their own death. Ã¢â¬Å"And weÃ¢â¬â¢d mow them downÃ¢â¬ reveals that the soldiersÃ¢â¬â¢ hate becomes so tremendous that they do not even have to be angry or passionate in order to kill multiple people. In fact, they are not even fazed by murdering multiple people. Moreover, in Ã¢â¬Å"Prayer in the Furnace,Ã¢â¬ Klay portrays Rodriguez, as another soldier that has developed a blind and rigid hate from aggression. Because Rodriguez has experienced both the deaths of many of his friends and of Iraqis, he has become desensitized to death, causing him to devalue the lives of humans. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬Å"The only thing I want to do is kill Iraqis,Ã¢â¬ he said. Ã¢â¬Å"ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s it. Everything else is just, numb it until you can do something. Not just wasting time.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Insurgents you mean,Ã¢â¬ I said. Ã¢â¬Å"TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re all insurgents,Ã¢â¬ he saidÃ¢â¬ (148). This quotation reveals that RodriguezÃ¢â¬â¢s blind hatred and numbness toward death is so immense that he only cares about Ã¢â¬Å"kill[ing] Iraqis.Ã¢â¬ Rodriguez has created a Ã¢â¬Å"theyÃ¢â¬ and an Ã¢â¬Å"us,Ã¢â¬ by saying Ã¢â¬Å"theyÃ¢â¬â¢re all insurgents,Ã¢â¬ displaying that in his mind, every Iraqi he sees is an insurgent. RodriguezÃ¢â¬â¢s inability t o distinguish between different people causes him to hate even innocent children. Klay demonstrates that after being immersed in an aggressive culture of violence, a soldierÃ¢â¬â¢s psyche is disabled. The blind hatred that soldiers acquire from makes it difficult for them to control their aggression and violence even when they have returned from war and no longer need to act so assertively. In Ã¢â¬Å"Psychological Operations,Ã¢â¬ Waguih, the protagonist, experiences a lingering aggression even after he has returned from Iraq. When talking with a classmate who has irritated him, WaguihÃ¢â¬â¢s actions exhibit rapid increase of suppressed aggression: Ã¢â¬Å"My breath was still coming quickÃ¢â¬âthe aftermath of the runÃ¢â¬âand I was full of energy. My fists were balled tight. I wanted to pace back and forthÃ¢â¬ (180). In this quotation, Klay portrays Waguih with an anxious aggression. WaguihÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"breath was still coming quick,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"fists were balled tight,Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"wanted to pace,Ã¢â¬ indicating the suppression of his unthinking aggression, but desire to explode with rage on the spot. Subsequently, Waguih talks to Zara, realizing that what he learned in Iraq has been permanently engrained in him. Ã¢â¬Å"I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t PsyOpsing her into it, so I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know how sheÃ¢â¬â¢d react. Or if I was PsyOpsing her, since youÃ¢â ¬â¢re always exerting some kind of pressure even when youÃ¢â¬â¢re laying bare, then it was the least conscious maneuvering I could doÃ¢â¬ (181). Waguih has become so used to Ã¢â¬Å"PsyOpsingÃ¢â¬ that is something that he does unconsciously. He constantly Ã¢â¬Å"Psyops,Ã¢â¬ blurring the lines between war and home. WaguihÃ¢â¬â¢s aggression is later portrayed when he is talking with his classmate Zara. He realizes his aggressive and tenacious manner in telling stories about the war, and flashes back to his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s reaction to one of WaguihÃ¢â¬â¢s war stories: Ã¢â¬Å"But with my father IÃ¢â¬â¢d kept going, described every sexual act, every foul Arabic wordÃ¢â¬ ¦ heÃ¢â¬â¢d said, Ã¢â¬Å"Enough, enough,Ã¢â¬ his voice shaking with rage and then terror, because I was standing over him, shouting insults in his face, and he couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t see his son any more than IÃ¢â¬âstanding over him and letting my rage wash outÃ¢â¬âcould see my fatherÃ¢â¬ (210Ã¢â¬â211). In this quotation, WaguihÃ¢â¬â¢s aggression is portrayed through his persistent storytelling. His actions quickly escalate from telling a story to describing Ã¢â¬Å"every foul Arabic wordÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"letting [his] rage wash out,Ã¢â¬ indicating that WaguihÃ¢â¬â¢s experiences in Iraq have left him with a c ontinuous aggression. Moreover, Waguih becomes conscious of how much the war has warped his psyche, turning him into an aggressive and numb individual. Ã¢â¬Å"He couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t see his son any more than IÃ¢â¬ reveals that Waguih has become so different from the war that neither he nor his own father can recognize his true self because it has changed. Klay indicates that for soldiers, the legacy of devaluing human life through hate is insurmountable suffering. The brutal experience that soldiers experience at war causes suffering that they cannot overcome, even after they return home. In Ã¢â¬Å"Prayer in the Furnace,Ã¢â¬ Klay reveals RodriguezÃ¢â¬â¢s suffering from his war experiences. Rodriguez has lived through the deaths of many of his friends, making it difficult for him to avert his aggression and hate. Ã¢â¬Å"He pulled out a plastic sandwich bag full of little pink pills out of his cargo pockets and held it at eye level. Ã¢â¬Å"How you think any of us sleep?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ (137). In this quotation, Klay shows how Rodriguez copes with his tremendous suffering. His suffering has become so customary to him that he just accepts that a lot of bad things happen in life, and is able to take Ã¢â¬Å"little pink pillsÃ¢â¬ to suppress his pain and suffering. Moreover, in Ã¢â¬Å"Psychological Operations,Ã¢â¬ Waguih demonstrate s the pain and suffering that he has brought home with him from Iraq, and is unable to overcome. When talking to Zara about thanking war veterans, Klay reveals that Waguih will not be able to overcome his suffering. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬Å"So should I thank vets for their service?Ã¢â¬ she said. Ã¢â¬Å"Or spit on them, like Vietnam?Ã¢â¬ I thought for a moment and then gave her a crooked smile. Ã¢â¬Å"I reserve the right to be angry at you whatever you doÃ¢â¬ (206). In this quotation, Waguih is portrayed with an angry suffering, suggesting that one cannot suffer the same way that he does unless they experienced the war. Ã¢â¬Å"I reserve the right to be angry at whatever you doÃ¢â¬ shows that there is no correct way to react to the war unless you were there and suffered from personal experience. In both short stories, Waguih and RodriguezÃ¢â¬â¢s experiences from the war and development of hate cause perpetual suffering. In Redeployment, Phil Klay reveals the vulgar, brutal aspects of warfare behind the victories and heroism that are often shown in media. Through several short stories, Klay shares the difficult course that soldiers undergo with reconciling with their war experiences when they return home. Soldiers return from war having seen incidents so abominable that it makes many question if it is possible to maintain a sense of morality in war. In Ã¢â¬Å"Psychological OperationsÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Prayer in the Furnace,Ã¢â¬ warfare creates a blind hatred within soldiers, leaving them with lingering aggression and suffering that they cannot overcome. The effects that war has on soldiers in Redeployment often leave them with a blind hatred, lingering aggression, and insurmountable suffering. As soldiers become numb to the terrible things that happen at war, they learn to accept the aggression, hatred, and suffering that comes with it. Today, many veterans suffer from PTSD, and are unable to overcome the aggression and pain they developed at war.
Sunday, May 17, 2020
Website Analysis of National Right to Life Committee (NRLC) Key Terms: Claims, Typifying Example, Pro-Life, Rhetoric, Social Movement, Abortion, Assisted Suicide, Life, Organization. Introduction National Right to Life Committee(NRLC) is the second oldest and largest pro-life organization in the United States. This social movement organization deals with several life-related issues like abortion, assisted suicide or euthanasia, cloning, Medicare issues and so on. However, my focus topics are Ã¢â¬Å"AbortionÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Assisted Suicide/ EuthanasiaÃ¢â¬ because these are the two most common issues life-related issues. Abortion The rate of abortion in the United States has been increasing rapidly since 1973, with an estimated total of over 55 million abortions. Research also shows that more Americans now commit abortion for less important reasons than rape of incest since the legalization-approximately 93% of the women who carry out abortion explain that they do it for Ã¢â¬Å"social reasonsÃ¢â¬ . However, National Right to Life Committee(NRLC) provides some normative claims as to why should not be legalized as the rhetoric of their argument. The members of this organization explain the similarities between abortion and murder; the diary of an unborn child and the pains that they face during abortion. They also present some scientific theories that relate to pregnancy and life. According to science, as soon as fertilization takes place in a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s body, a new life begins; the heart begins to beat
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s culture began with its unique geography as an island that is separated and isolated from other East Asian countries. While there are many theories about modernÃ¢â¬â¢s Japanese ancestor; however, most Japanese archaeologists believe the first people that lived and colonized in Japan was the Ainu. The combined evidence of archeology, anthropology, and genetics have shown the indistinctive look between Ainu and the modern Japanese. In their overall genetic makeup, the Ainu are related to other East Asians, include Japanese and Koreans. The distinctive appearance and hunter lifestyle of the Ainu, and the indistinctive appearance and the intensive agricultural lifestyle of the Japanese have suggested that the Ainu are descended from JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s original hunter-gatherer inhabitants (Diamond). Japan independence includes three main dates. The most important and current constitution adopted as amendment to Meiji Constitution date was 3 May 1947. Other notable earlier date s include 660 B.C., traditional date of the founding of the nation by Emperor JIMMU and 29 November 1890, date in which Meiji Constitution provides for constitutional monarchy (Japan). The most important and major revolution in JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s history was the Meiji Revolution, a chain of events that restored practical imperial rule to Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji. The Restoration led to enormous changes in Japan s political and social structure. The period spanned from 1868 to 1912 and was responsible for theShow MoreRelatedEssay on The Nation Of Japan964 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe small island of Japan is both unique and rich in culture. Japan has made many advancements in its time. In the topics of history, government, geography, culture, and economy, Japan has a very interesting background and future. The earliest known period in Japan was the Jomon period, which lasted from 13000 BC to 300 BC. This period included mostly fisherman and hunters. During the Yayoi period, agriculture was introduced and social classes began to form. In the mid 500Ã¢â¬â¢s, Buddhism was introducedRead MoreJap A Nation Of Many Countries1287 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAdams, Matthew World Geography Mr. Koldoff 13 May, 2015 Japan: A Nation of Many Excitements Japan is one of the most interesting nations in the world. Many different cultures and religions exist in this country. Japan is a large archipelago of islands just east of Korea. Although the country is very often looked at as a country of many different and large cities, it is also full of grasslands and agricultural opportunities. Japan is also one of the leading electronic suppliers of the world. ThisRead MoreChinese Culture And Its Effects On The Country s Economy And Civil Considerations1557 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesChinese Culture According to Zimmermann (2015), Culture is the distinctive features and knowledge of a specific group of people, outlined by everything from cuisine, social habits, language, religion, arts, and music. The Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition takes it a step further, defining culture as mutual patterns of behaviors and interactions, cognitive constructs and understanding that are learned by. In this manner, culture can be seen as the growth of a group individualityRead MoreLanguage Acquisition And Its Effects On The Country s Economy And Civil Considerations1555 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages(2015), Culture is the distinctive features and knowledge of a specific group of people, outlined by everything from cuisine, social habits, language, religion, arts, and music. The Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition takes it a step further, defining culture as mutual patterns of behaviors and interactions, cognitive constructs and understanding that are learned by. In t his manner, culture can be seen as the growth of a group individuality fostered by social structures unique to theRead MoreChinese Culture And Its Effects On The Country s Economy And Civil Considerations1557 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesChinese Culture According to Zimmermann (2015), Culture is the distinctive features and knowledge of a specific group of people, outlined by everything from cuisine, social habits, language, religion, arts, and music. The Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition takes it a step further, defining culture as mutual patterns of behaviors and interactions, cognitive constructs and understanding that are learned by. In this manner, culture can be seen as the growth of a group individualityRead MoreChinese Culture And Its Effects On The Country s Economy And Civil Considerations1558 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesChinese Culture According to Zimmermann (2015) Culture is the distinctive features and knowledge of a specific group of people, outlined by everything from language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music and arts. The Center for Advance Research on Language Acquisition goes a step further, defining culture as mutual patterns of behaviors and interactions, cognitive constructs and understanding that are learned by socializing. Thus, it can be seen as the growth of a group individuality fosteredRead MoreJapan Essay1640 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages[pic] Japan Geography Japan is about the same size as California. Japan is made up of many islands. The four largest islands in Japan are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku. Japan forms an arc in the Pacific Ocean. Japans total area is about 378,000 square kilometers. About 75% of Japans land is mountains. Japans highest mountain is Mount Fuji at 3776 meters. Japan has several volcanic regions and 80 volcanoes are considered active. Mount Fuji hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t erupted since 1707 and is considered capableRead MoreCulture And Its Effects On The Country s Economy And Civil Considerations1553 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesZimmermann (2015) Culture is the characteristics and knowledge of a particular group of people, defined by everything from language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music and arts. The Center for Advance Research on Language Acquisition goes a step further, defining culture as shared patterns of behaviors and interactions, cognitive constructs and understanding that are learned by socialization. T hus, it can be seen as the growth of a group identity fostered by social patterns unique to the group.Read MoreAmerica s Position Of Dominance Sustainable1154 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Sole Global Power Is America s exalted position of dominance sustainable? In 1865, when the Civil War ended with the victory in the North, the ball began rolling in America with the help of Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis. The industrial boom occurred, generating the United States into being the most dominant nation in the world. The likelihood of America losing its world dominance is very minimal for several reasons. The United States will continue to be a massively powerful, secure, andRead MoreDifferent Aspects Of Culture And Its Effects On The Country s Economy And Civil Considerations1554 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesZimmermann (2015), Culture is the characteristics and knowledge of a particular group of people, defined by everything from language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music, and arts. The Center for Advance Research on Language Acquisition goes a step further, defining culture as shared patterns of behaviors and interactions, cognitive constructs and understanding that are learned by s ocialization. Thus, it can be seen as the growth of a group identity fostered by social patterns unique to the group.
Question: Discuss About The Contemporary Issues In Sociology Of Death? Answer: Introduction: The essay aims at focusing on whether death is considered as harm. Over the years, this has been a question tacked by most philosophers. Death inquires about the possibility of harm to anyone caused by the state of being. There are however three common interchangeable definitions of death. The first definition refers to a process of occurrence of death and known as dying. The second perspective refers to condition or state described as being dead. The third definition referred as death that intervenes between dying and being dead. This becomes relevant while considering whether death represents harm, as it often remains unclear no matter whether one is considering the harmful properties based on the way of dying or entering the state when one is dead. There have been various arguments that put forward in portraying death causing harm. Discussion: The Theory of Deprivation put forward by Thomas Nagel, one of the first philosophers helps in recognizing that death is a complete end to the existence of a person (Taylor 2014, pp.636-637). He also mentions that death corresponds to loss or deprivation not because of there exists certain positive aspects but because of the desirability that it takes away. accounting to this theory, death leads to the deprivation from all pleasant experiences of life. Pleasant experiences are considered good and having lesser good considered as worse than to having more of it (Nagel 1991, pp. 5-9). Death therefore considered as harm since it leads to the removal of the good (Scarre 2007, pp. 26-27). The theory thus claims that Death leads to the deprivation of life where life is supposedly that one good factor, denial of which might harm one. There also exists a different perspective of looking at this particular theory that is in terms of the value. According to this perspective, life is considered a value which death removes and deprives one from such good values (Belshaw 2008, pp.69-70). Since death is bad due to the removal of desirability and the person is unable to experience death loss, Nagel puts forward an argument that states that death might influence the welfare of a person that he or she might not have experienced (Jupp 2016, pp.17-29). A thing that affects the welfare of a person includes pain, pleasure or misfortunes like betrayal. However, it is also important for a theory in providing a convincing strategy that would help in accessing the future goods of the potential individual. Based on the theory of deprivation there are two different perspectives of assessing the amount of goods that an individual is deprived off after death (Guenther 2013, p. 184). This includes the perspective of individual living ones life or from consideration of the perspective outside actual life of the concerned person whose goods in future remain in a state of question. In this context, the philosopher put forward an observation that stated that human beings possess a natural span of life and therefore cannot live for a matter of more than hundred years. Thus, recognition of the fact that the human beings have a limited lifespan that restricts them from the possible goods since premature death only adds to the deprivation of the goods reasonably hoped during normal span of life. The strategy of restriction based on availability of goods in the basis of mortality is only acceptable under the assumption that losing something good is a misfortune. In this respect, Nagel puts forward an argument that the extent of calculation of the possible future life of the individual along with the amount of goods should have observation from the perspective of individual living her life. Nagel further insisted on the goodness of strategy since it allows other in calculating the extent of hypothetical life in future without the actual person conceiving the fact that life has a limitation (Whitely 2017, p.154). A living human being will always think of an extension of her current life in the future (Irish, Lundquist and Nelsen 2014, p.156). In this context, Nagel has made use of the term indefinite that has two different interpretations. The first interpretation refers to an undefined amount of the possible goods while the second interpretation refers to the presence of goods that does not have any limitation. The interpretations based on the imagination that since life approaches a subtle infinity so are the possible goods. According to philosopher Nagel, since death leads to the abrupt ending towards the indefinitely extensive goods so it leads to a bad ending. However, the concept of death creating harm is only compatible with few theories of wellbeing (La Placa, McNaught and Knight 2013, pp.118-119). Theories of well being are based on a number of criteria but there is major distinction between the objective and subjective theories of wellbeing. The objective theories represent good life that is independent of the opinions and desires about something important. The subjective theories show the representation of a good life independent of the opinions and desires of a person regarding what is important. The independence of the objective theories from the desires and opinions makes it compatible with the Theory of Deprivation. There exist various problems to the Nagels version of the Theory of Deprivation (Bauer 2015, pp. 31-38). The theory fails to explain the intuitions about some deaths being worse than others and it is better to succumb to death later than die earlier. The theory also excludes the fact that death can actually be beneficial for the person who actually dies. Philosopher Mcmahan revised the possible good account of the Theory of Deprivation and offered a superior version that explicitly limited the quantity of future goods deprived to the person succumbing to death. This version described as revised possible good (Manning and Massumi 2014, pp.187). Epicurus however put forward a counter argument to Nagels theory stating that death is neither bad nor evil (Davies 2017, p.130). The argument of Epicurus however depends on two different assumptions that include the existence requirement and the experience requirement. The existence requirement put forward by Epicurus shows that a person is harmed only if there is existence and dead person do not have existence. Therefore, a dead person cannot be harmed. The experience requirement assumption of Epicurus puts forward that harming someone is bad and therefore it order to have the negative feel it is important to experience it. Death represents a state of no experience and hence it cannot be bad for someone. There is persistence of death as moral patients (Boden et al. 2016, pp. 358-360). The question of how death is construed as moral patient despite the absence of existence has long been under discussion in response to the challenges to universal interest of the individual. The existing arguments helps in portraying a straightforward theory showing the ways in which a social network service user harmed because of deletion of profile. This might be to the extent when the living person has an immense interest in persistence of the profile but follows it up by subsequent deletion thereby reducing the welfare of the descendent in relation to the possibility of the existence of profile (Stokes 2015, p.239). This however depends on the specific set of circumstances that includes the interest of the decedent regarding the profile in social media, unaffected by the dependency on being alive and get frustrated on the subsequent deletion of the profile. However, on the other hand one must remain within realm of interest-based welfare accounts while appealing to the interest of the general creating a posthumous recognition. This holds most of the people that ideally apply to everyone. However, this seems quite contingent and does put forward an obvious instance of on the preservation of the social media pages. The appearance of dead people has been either in our dreams or in our memory lane. There has been immense use of technological affordances for supporting such persistence (Sidaway 2016, p. 305). This has been visible through the ancestral marketing of Romans to the death masks and corpse photography of the Victorian. Varied technologies possess different ranges in preserving individuals after death. Photography represents such powerful means and particularly the relics of dead that allows the persistence of the memories of dead people in the lives of other people even though there are photographs have no connection with the memories of the living. In present times, various social media users have ingrained in our live so much that it also plays a vital role in reliving the memories. Conclusion: The discussion in the essay would not be able to alleviate a persons anxieties about death instantly. Although knowing why death is harm can influence one desire and actions while they are alive. A person realizing the fact that death causes harm that might be in the form of unfulfilled desire might encourage the person in actively shaping all the desires that causes minimum harm after death. Thus, the ideas developed in the essay and supported by various theories might actually help an individual in adjusting their desires in the light of impending death. References: Bauer, C.M., 2015. The Inconsistencies of the Replaceability Argument.pp.1-87 Belshaw, C 2008, Annihilation: The sense and significance of death, pp. 64-93 Boden, M.A., Feldman, F., Fischer, J.M., Hare, R., Hume, D., Joske, W.D., Kant, I., Kaufman, F., Lenman, J., Leslie, J. and Luper, S., 2016.Life, death, and meaning: Key philosophical readings on the big questions. Rowman Littlefield. p. 358-360 Davies, D., 2017.Death, ritual and belief: The rhetoric of funerary rites. Bloomsbury Publishing.p.130 Guenther, L., 2013.Solitary confinement: Social death and its afterlives(p. 184). management: University of Minnesota Press. Irish, D.P., Lundquist, K.F. and Nelsen, V.J., 2014.Ethnic variations in dying, death and grief: Diversity in universality pp. 155-160 Jupp, P.C., 2016.Contemporary issues in the sociology of death, dying and disposal. Springer.pp.17-29 La Placa, V., McNaught, A. and Knight, A., 2013. Discourse on wellbeing in research and practice.International Journal of Wellbeing,3(1).pp.116-125 Manning, E. and Massumi, B., 2014.Thought in the Act: Passages in the Ecology of Experience. University of Minnesota Press.pp.187 Nagel, T 1991, Mortal questions, canto ed, Cambridge University Press.Pp. 1-10 Scarre, G 2007, Death, Central problems of philosophy, Acumen, pp.25-45 Sidaway, J.D., 2016.Deathscapes: Spaces for death, dying, mourning and remembrance. Routledge.p. 305 Stokes, P., 2015. Deletion as second death: the moral status of digital remains.Ethics and information psychology,17(4), pp.237-248. Taylor, J.S., 2014. Death, posthumous harm, and bioethics.Journal of medical ethics,40(9), pp.636-637. Whitely, G., 2017. Aestheticism and the Philosophy of Death: Walter Pater and Post-Hegelianism. Routledge. pp. 100-150
Sunday, April 19, 2020
One of the major mistakes that many students make in writing an assignment, whether it is essay writing, research paper, dissertation or thesis, is the habit of drafting from their topic. Writing a great essay is not a big task if you pay less attention on the topic. A good essay is one that not only starts with a strong argument on the topic, but also ends with the same question. Some writers make a strong introduction, but in the body part they start to wander from the topic, due to which they end the assignment in the completely wrong direction. If you are one of them who make this mistake frequently then this essay is just for you. Here in this article we share top tips to make your essay relevant to the topic as given by your professor. Remember, all your hard work might be rejected if you do not follow the simple steps given below for writing an essay. Planning your essay: It is always recommend to always start your assignment with a comprehensive, clear plan and then make sure to stick to it. Your plan also acts as an outline of the paper where you will include all the three main parts of an essay, i.e. the introduction, body paragraphs and the conclusion. Write main points that you think are necessary to add in these three parts of an essay. Under each main point also write one or two sentences. Make sure the main point you mention here must be according to your essay topic. Go through the points again and make sure that they are relevant to the topic and if not it is better to get rid of those points at this stage only. Referring back to the topic: This is a simple method but make a huge difference.Ã It is always a good idea to use signpost sentence each time when you start a new idea or paragraph. This will help you connect strongly to the essay topic. Developing the essay argument: Often students start with a strong and clear introduction that forces the reader to read further, but when they reach to the body paragraph they start losing the main concept of the essay. One best way to keep your focus on the topic is to make strong relationship between different paragraphs of an essay using separators that grab readerÃ¢â¬â¢s attention such as furthermore, conversely, firstly and secondly. This might sound easy, but it plays a major role in grabbing a readerÃ¢â¬â¢s attention into the overall argument instead of disregarding your essay paragraphs as unrelated to the question. Conclusions: Always remember that a successful essay must have two most important parts, the introduction and the conclusion. An introduction helps you grab the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s attention while a conclusion provides a clear and concise summary of an essay argument. The essay conclusion can be used to prove why the body paragraphs of the essay were relevant to the essay topic or question. If you donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to lose your precious marks, then it is necessary to avoid this most common mistake. Above are some points that help you avoid this mistake and force your professor to give you high grades.
Sunday, March 15, 2020
Be a Ruthless Editor Be a Ruthless Editor Be a Ruthless Editor By Michael Hard rules are a good thing for writers sometimes. The sonnet is one of the strictest forms of poetry, but some of the worlds greatest poems are sonnets. A haiku form is even stricter, seventeen syllables in three lines. Hard word counts force a writer to overcome his or her natural laziness by editing ruthlessly. Because writers have no choice but to keep on ruthlessly editing and shortening until the piece is short enough, their job becomes easier, paradoxically. With fewer choices, decision-making becomes faster. There is only room to make one main point, and once you decide what it is, theres no need to struggle to fit any others in. Tighten Your Writing Ruthless editing becomes a necessary skill because some short writing opportunities have very hard word count limits. For example, each of my monthly allotment of academic journal abstracts could never exceed 150 words, After I completed them, they were loaded into a searchable database your local library may have a subscription to it. The database included fields for the author, title and publication, each with limited lengths, but the abstract field in the database could only hold 150 words. So I had to keep editing and reediting until my abstract was less than 150 words. It was a hard rule that could not be broken. Builders talk about load-bearing walls. When youre remodeling your house, if you want to open up the floor plan or provide more space, maybe you decide to remove a wall. Thats fine, unless the wall is a load-bearing wall. If you remove a load-bearing wall, part of the building will fall down. As you remove sentences or words, parts of the sentence or paragraph that used to be cosmetic become load-bearing. This is a good thing: it makes you pay more attention to what youre writing. It requires your writing to be more efficient. And that makes your writing easier to read, because there is less fluff to read through, and it makes your writing more powerful. Ruthless editing can lead to honest evaluation. Summarizing your work in a shorter form, as in a pitch letter or synopsis, provides you a reality check on what you wrote. If you cant briefly present your work without sounding ridiculous, maybe (I gently suggest) maybe it is ridiculous. Help the Reader Besides the invigorating, astringent benefits to the writer learning to edit ruthlessly, brief writing benefits the reader too. The human mind can only hold so many thoughts and words at once, just as a computer screen or the page of a book can only hold so many words. So for example, academic researchers need abstracts to be brief so that several can be compared on a single page or computer screen. Short summaries let readers get a taste of the writers ideas or many writers ideas in a small space and time. By limiting the number of ideas in the summary, the writer also limits the number of ideas that need to fit into the readers head at one time. With fewer ideas to focus on, the reader has more room to think about them. With fewer words to move around in your head, words can be moved around more easily, compared, pondered and felt. Which is more effective: a single powerful, precise word or a string of twenty words that mean exactly the same thing and add nothing more? Here are some tips for editing ruthlessly: Cut Riskily Set a goal for yourself, if your editor hasnt already, to cut 10% from your draft. But why stop there? Choose a paragraph and cut out one-fourth. Or take a risk, let the adrenaline flow and cut it down one-half. Youll be surprised at how often the passage still works. (Often it wont thats why its called a risk.) If it doesnt work, simply restore the cut passage from your recently saved draft. Some reasons why such ruthless cutting often works: You may find you had more fluff than you thought. The passage still works because the cut part never did. You may find that the cut part wasnt as necessary as you thought. Only when its gone do you realize you can live without it. It was pulling some weight, but not so much. If you want, take the best words from it, use them elsewhere, and move on. You may find that your reader doesnt need the cut part to figure out whats happening. When a character leaves the room, your reader will assume the character went through a door without being explicitly told. Make Less More Even if I increase it to 1,000 or 100,000 words, I still cant improve on the classic six-word-novel: For sale: baby shoes, never worn No one is saying that War and Peace would be improved if it were edited down from 587,287 words to 1,000 words. If you want to deal with five families and the Napoleonic War, you will need a lot of words. But a key to ruthless editing and having the heart to do it in the first place is being able to see when you have gained more than youve lost by cutting words. Maximize Your Space If you have a limited number of words to work with, make each word carry its weight. For example: The river flowed through the river bed, making a sound like thunder. We can cut some of those words without losing any meaning. Rivers always flow, usually through river beds, and thunder is always a sound. Changing it to The river thundered or The thundering river says as much in three words as the original sentence did in eleven really, it says more. Now I have to find a new, sleek sentence to put them into. It will take a little work to make the most of them, just as it takes a little work to make the most of the garlic chives I just harvested from my garden. But should I give up a good thing because it takes work? Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Writing Basics category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:60 Synonyms for Ã¢â¬Å"WalkÃ¢â¬ That vs. WhichTypes of Ignorance
Thursday, February 27, 2020
I want to be a computer scince teacher this way i chose this major - Personal Statement Example Today, I can confidently claim that I am a computer expert. I have troubleshot many intricate computer problems that many people, with good computer knowledge can not do conventionally. Software, hardware, whatever my friends and siblings have trouble with, I am the one to be consulted, and by the grace of God, I usually do not disappoint them. I have always kept a computer major subject included in my studies in schools so far. I have been earning excellent grades in the subject and my credentials stay evident to that. Having accoutered myself with the knowledge of computer to an unusual level, I intend to build my career in this field. Now that I am about to join college, I want to study Computer Science. I have explored many colleges and universities online and on other forums. I have also sought advice from my seniors and elder siblings. After having consulted so many people and sources, I have reached the conclusion that your college is indeed, the best institution for studying Computer Science in. Your college is equipped with latest computer technology. I personally feel that a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s access to the underlying concepts and traits of Computer Science is the most profound in your college. The faculty is quite experienced. The curriculum is rich enough to ensure the conveyance of knowledge in a solid manner. A ll of this is further enchanted with the conventional teaching practices prevalent in your college. In addition to that, the college timings suit me a lot. I can easily adapt to the routine and deliver my best. I personally want to be a Computer Science teacher in the future. God has blessed me with unusually large computer knowledge. I feel that it is my social responsibility to impart as much of it to young generation as much I can. This would content me and I would have a feeling of accomplishment that would be priceless. Teaching Computer Science is my dream. I look forward to